Are you thinking of building a sunroom and want to make sure it doesn’t send your energy bills through the roof? Maybe you already have a sunroom, but you don’t use it as much as you’d like, because it’s either too hot, too cold, or just too drafty?
Here are a few tips to help you retrofit an existing sunroom to save energy. We’ve also included suggestions that will help ensure your new sunroom is energy efficient if you’re starting from scratch.
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Sunroom Retrofits to Save Energy
It’s not uncommon for a sunroom to be freezing cold in the winter and intolerably hot in the summer. But there’s an easy way to fix this! The type of glass in your window panes is one of the biggest factors to affect your sunroom’s temperature—and therefore, your comfort.
In older sunrooms especially, the glass may be too thin to effectively moderate temperatures inside. The frames around the glass may also leak, too. Plus, depending on the design of the structure, there may not be enough insulation to keep conditioned air inside, while the external air remains outside.
Short of replacing the glass, here’s what you can do to improve energy-efficiency in the space.
- Seal up leaks in the frames. Use a clear caulk to add weatherstripping around the frames and prevent air from leaking.
- Tint the windows. Tinting reduces the intensity of sunlight, minimizes glare, and helps block the sun’s ultraviolet rays, which can fade furniture. A variety of tints are available that will prevent excessive sunlight from coming into the room. Choose a “low-E” radiant blocker, which will prevent radiant solar energy from entering the room in the summer, and will also keep radiant energy from escaping in the winter.
- Cover the windows. In winter, use an inexpensive weatherization kit available at most hardware stores to add a layer or two of plastic film over the windows. Install it before the cold weather hits, and remove it once spring arrives. The downside of this approach is that you use and throw away a lot of plastic. Another alternative is to hang insulating curtains or drapes over the windows. During cold months, keep them open during the day to enjoy sunlight, but close them in the evening to keep out cold air and still enjoy the space. You can also hang reflective shades to prevent excessive sunlight from entering your room in the summer.
- Add a ceiling fan. A fan will help cool the room down in summer and, with the blades inverted in winter, help circulate warm air.
New Sunroom Construction to Maximize Energy Savings
If you’re building a new sunroom, here’s how to make it energy-efficient from the get-go. Site it in an area that’s shaded in the summer but will still allow sun in the winter. In addition to choosing the spot where you actually have room for the sunroom, you’ll want a location that gets some sun. The ideal location would be one that can easily be shaded in summer but also take full advantage of welcome solar rays in winter. Can you position the room to be shaded by existing trees? Or, is there room to plant a few deciduous trees once construction is complete?
ENERGY STAR-qualified windows are a perfect place to start. Can you pick a sunroom design that includes retractable external awnings to provide shade as needed in the summer? Because sunrooms may be 50 percent or more glass, choosing panes that don’t conduct hot or cold air is essential. In fact, regular window glazing or even double-paned glass just won’t cut it. You’ll need to pick glass that is properly rated for its U-factor, as well as something referred to as “SHGC.”
The U-factor of the glass indicates its “solar heat loss coefficient,” or its ability to retain or lose heat. The lower the U-factor, the better. A window made of single-pane glass has a U-factor of 1.1, which means it loses a lot of heat. The glass you put in a sunroom should have a U-factor of less than 0.3. Some manufacturers also coat interior panes with plastic film, which provides additional energy efficiency.
“SHGC” refers to “solar heat gain coefficient,” or the amount of solar radiation that gets through the glass. The lower the SHGC, the less solar heat it transmits and the greater its shading ability, which is more desirable in a hot climate. Conversely, a product with a high SHGC rating will collect more solar heat during the winter, which may be more desirable in a cold climate.
If you’re building from scratch, choose a design that is easy to insulate, such as one with an actual ceiling and roof rather than floor-to-ceiling glass panels. Work with an experienced contractor to determine the type, quality and level of insulation your design allows, given your climate. Insulate both the space above the ceiling and the space below the floor, as well as in between glass panes if the design allows.
Heating and Cooling
If you want to use your sunroom all year long, you may need to either connect the room to your home’s HVAC system, or install a heating unit or air conditioning system. Here’s a sampling of the kinds of heating and cooling options that are commonly found in sunrooms.
Once you tighten up your sunroom, make sure you enjoy it! Relax, read, entertain. You can also use this delightful space as a mini-greenhouse to start early seedlings for your garden, to cultivate plants that you can move to other parts of your home, or even to grow herbs and sprouts you can cook with.
Do you already have a sunroom? How do you keep it warm and cool? Are you thinking about building a sunroom? What considerations are most important to you? Please share with us in the comments below!